ELDER

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Sambucus
Description:

Elder can be used in many ways. Firstly, the flowers are edible and make a good soft drink. And finally, the fruits produce a good jam, juice or wine. The leaves consist of 5-7 leaflets, in pairs with a single end leaflet. Each leaflet is elliptical with regular teeth and a sharp tip. The top of the leaflets is dark green and matt. The underside is paler. Masses of creamy white flowers appear in June. They have a sweet smell that attracts many insects. Elder barkThe bark is greyish-brown. Young bark contains
a lot of ‘warts’ called lenticels. As the bark becomes older, it develops deep creases.

Elder berriesThe berries ripen from green to purple-black and are about 5-7mm in diameter. Ripening in September, they can be quickly eaten by thrushes and starlings. Each berry contains vitamins and minerals, but they are not suitable for eating raw. They won’t cause any digestive problems when cooked. Many fungi grow on trees or dead branches.

ELDER