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PEAR « Fruit City


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Pyrus Munis

Pears are medium sized trees, reaching 10–17 m tall, often with a tall, narrow crown. A few species are shrubby. The leaves are alternately arranged, simple, 2–12 cm long, glossy green on some species, densely silvery-hairy in some others; leaf shape varies from broad oval to narrow lanceolate. Most pears are deciduous, but one or two species in southeast Asia are evergreen. The flowers are white, rarely tinted yellow or pink, 2–4 cm diameter, and have five petals.


Like that of the related apple, the pear fruit is a pome, in most wild species 1–4 cm diameter, but in some cultivated forms up to 18 cm long and 8 cm broad.The shape varies in most species from oblate or globose, to the classic pyriform ‘pear-shape’ of the European Pear with an elongated basal portion and a
bulbous end. The fruit is composed of the upper end of the flower-stalk (the calyx tube) greatly dilated. Enclosed within its cellular flesh is the true fruit: five cartilaginous carpels, known more commonly as the “core”.
The pear is very similar to the apple in cultivation, propagation and pollination. Pears and apples cannot always be distinguished by the form of the fruit.The pear and the apple are also related to the quince. There are about 30 primary species, major subspecies, and naturally occurring hybrids of pears.